In the capital People's Republic of China
September 27, 1949, the Chinese People's Political Consultative first plenary session of the People's Republic of China adopted by the countries scheduled for Beijing, now renamed the Beijing Peking.
Land and Resources
China is located in the eastern part of mainland Asia, the Pacific Ocean in the West Bank, the land area of about 9,600,000 square kilometers. North China's territory from the north of Mohe in Heilongjiang river (latitude 53 ° 30 '), south to the southern tip of the Nansha Islands Zengmuansha (latitude 4 °), cross latitude 49 degrees and more; East from Heilongjiang and Wusuli River Junction (longitude 135 ° 05 '), the Pamirs to the west (longitude 73 ° 40'), cross-over 60 degrees longitude. From south to north, from east to west, the distance is 5,000 km. China land border as long as 22,800 kilometers, the mainland coastline of 18,000 kilometers in length, the sea area of 4,730,000 square kilometers
China is the world's most populous developing countries. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, at the end of 2004 China's total population of 1,299,880,000 people. China is the world's population density is one of the countries with high per square kilometer, the average population density of 134 people; but rather a balanced distribution. China's family planning is a basic state policy
China is a united multi-ethnic country, so far, through the recognition by the central government confirmed the nation's 56. Chinese of all ethnic groups among the population vary greatly, with the largest population of the Han nationality, the other 55 ethnic population was relatively small, are customarily referred to as "ethnic minorities." In 2000, according to the fifth national census, the population of 55 minority 104,490,000, accounting for 8.41 percent of the total population
Religion in China
China is a multi-religious country. China The main religions are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism and Christianity. Chinese citizens may freely choose and express their beliefs and make clear their religious affiliations.
China has the statutory holidays: New Year, Spring Festival, International Women's Day, Arbor Day, International Labor Day, the Chinese Youth Day, International Nurses Day, Children's Day, the anniversary of the birth of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Day, Teacher's Day, National Day Festival and the Festival reporters. China's major traditional festivals are the Spring Festival, Lantern Festival, Ching Ming Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, and so on. In addition, minorities have also retained their own traditional festivals